1948 years ago in AD 63 an earthquake in southern Italy by the gulf of Naples seriously damaged the ancient city of Pompeii causing an undetermined number of deaths and spread out destruction, but the locals went to work rebuilding in the same spot until they were buried by the eruption of the Vesuvius volcano 16 years later in AD 79.
Galveston TX Hurricanes
Average Brushed or hit every 2.94 years Average Direct hit every 8.63 years
The Great Storm of 1900 - Sep 8th 1900 - Pop: 42,000 residents Category 4 @ 135 mph -Great loss of life between 6,000 and 12,000 individuals – officially 8,000
The 1915 Storm, August 17th, Category 4 @ 135 mph 42 people dead in the Galveston area
$60 - 1915 million dollars in damage
Ike Sep 13th 2008 - The third most destructive hurricane to ever make landfall in the United States Final landfall in Galveston Texas as a strong cat 2 with cat 5 equivalent storm surge winds extended 120 miles from the center.
Blamed for at least 195 deaths – 74 in Haiti and 112 in the USA 300 still missing. - Damages estimated at 24 billion (2008) US Dollars
Resulted in the largest evacuation in the state of Texas history and the largest search and rescue operation in US history
Chernobyl, An Experiment Gone Wrong
On Saturday, April 26th, 1986 at 1:23 am, one of the reactors at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant exploded. Ironically, the experiment consisted in testing how the power plant would respond in the event of an accident. The operators at the plant wanted to bring down the power output of the reactor to 25%, but over-confidence, poor training and poor knowledge of how a reactor works caused them to overdo it, and they ended up bringing down the power output to 1%. When they then tried to bring it up to 25%, the reactor overheated and exploded causing the worst nuclear accident in history.
Emergency Management: Emergency Evacuations
Posted on Wednesday, July 09 @ 17:25:00 PDT by editor
Do you know what to do before, during and after a natural disaster?
Are you ready to leave your house on a short notice and for an undetermined period of time?
Evacuations are happening all the time for many reasons with little advance notice in different parts of the country.
Evacuations may be carried out before during and after (i) natural disasters, such as hurricanes, floods, forest fires, earthquakes, tsunamis, or volcanic eruptions; and (ii) artificial disasters, such as terrorist attacks, industrial or nuclear accidents, train or aviation accidents and viral outbreaks.
An order to evacuate will be given by the authorities upon the threat or occurrence of a disastrous event where the population’s life and property is at risk.
• Get Informed
Evacuation planning requires common sense before a disaster happens. Your county Office of Emergency Management (OEM) is a place to start looking for information, guidance and assistance in developing your plan. When planning, carefully assess the risks to determine the hazards in the area where you live that may cause you to evacuate. Participate in the activities of your community.
If it becomes necessary to leave your home, determine ahead of time what to bring, where to go and how to get there.
- Identify and keep a list of critical things you will need to grab and take with you on short notice.
- Consider several routes and destinations
- Establish a primary route and create a backup plan in case your primary route or destination becomes unworkable
- Keep a full-tank of gas in your car
- Keep weather-resistant clothing, gloves and sturdy shoes handy
- Plan to take your pets or arrange for their care in advance
- Conduct family fire drills and rehearse what to do under various scenarios such as hurricane, tornado or earthquake. Every scenario will require a different response and planning.
• Maintain a Disaster Kit
When assembling a disaster kit, include both general medical items (first aid kit, etc.) and up-to-date supplies of prescription medications. If you have babies, keep a supply of baby formula and preserves available along with personal hygiene items for them and the adults in a waterproof containers. Include a radio, cash, blankets, flashlights, non perishable food and water to last three to seven days. (Plan on one gallon of water per person per day.)
• Vital Records
Keep copies of important paperwork in more than one place; in your grab-and-go bag, in a safety-deposit box and/or with a friend or family member in a different location. Include licenses, identification cards, tax returns, insurance documents, marriage certificates, property deeds, prescriptions and pictures or videotape of family members to show to first responders in case anyone gets lost. Make an inventory of all your house belongings for insurance purposes if you have to make a claim.
- Maintain an updated list of emergency phone numbers including friends and family and distribute to every member of your household and keep in your wallet at all times.
- Ask an out of state relative or friend to coordinate communications in case local phone service fails.
- If separated, family members should check in with this person and report their location. Make sure everyone in the family knows the location of a prearranged meeting place
- Maintain a hard copy of your personal contacts. Do not depend exclusively on a cell phone contact list, as you may not be able to recharge your phone.
If you have personal information stored on your computer, keep regular backups in an out-of-town location or archive it to an Internet service. Consider maintaining an alternate phone that can be recharged from a car battery outlet to supplement cordless, cellular or Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) telephones (which all rely on the electrical grid). Keep a battery- or crank-powered NOAA radio on hand for weather information and news updates — these can become lifesavers if you lose access to television and Internet sources of information during a disaster.
Shut Down Your Home
There are many things you can do to protect your property in an emergency such as a hurricane, like boarding doors and windows and moving your belongings to higher ground. If you have limited time and you need to get out on short notice, consider developing plans to shut off your gas, water and electricity before you leave.
• Natural Gas
Most gas valves are located outside, and require a wrench for shutoff. Consult your utility company for instructions on proper shutoff and keep those instructions ready to be used in an emergency by the door with a wrench and a flashlight.
During a disaster, public water can become contaminated due to cracked lines and bring contaminated water into your house. To shut down your house’s water, simply locate and turn off the main water valve, which typically is located in the basement.
Electric panels are typically located in the basement close to the electric entry point of the house. Check with your utility company for instructions on how to shut off the main breaker. Before you touch any live electrical outlets check for water on the floor as water may create an electrocution hazard.
If flooding is possible, locate your main circuit box and shut off the main breaker. If there is already water in the basement, do not touch your service panel.