1948 years ago in AD 63 an earthquake in southern Italy by the gulf of Naples seriously damaged the ancient city of Pompeii causing an undetermined number of deaths and spread out destruction, but the locals went to work rebuilding in the same spot until they were buried by the eruption of the Vesuvius volcano 16 years later in AD 79.
Galveston TX Hurricanes
Average Brushed or hit every 2.94 years Average Direct hit every 8.63 years
The Great Storm of 1900 - Sep 8th 1900 - Pop: 42,000 residents Category 4 @ 135 mph -Great loss of life between 6,000 and 12,000 individuals – officially 8,000
The 1915 Storm, August 17th, Category 4 @ 135 mph 42 people dead in the Galveston area
$60 - 1915 million dollars in damage
Ike Sep 13th 2008 - The third most destructive hurricane to ever make landfall in the United States Final landfall in Galveston Texas as a strong cat 2 with cat 5 equivalent storm surge winds extended 120 miles from the center.
Blamed for at least 195 deaths – 74 in Haiti and 112 in the USA 300 still missing. - Damages estimated at 24 billion (2008) US Dollars
Resulted in the largest evacuation in the state of Texas history and the largest search and rescue operation in US history
Chernobyl, An Experiment Gone Wrong
On Saturday, April 26th, 1986 at 1:23 am, one of the reactors at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant exploded. Ironically, the experiment consisted in testing how the power plant would respond in the event of an accident. The operators at the plant wanted to bring down the power output of the reactor to 25%, but over-confidence, poor training and poor knowledge of how a reactor works caused them to overdo it, and they ended up bringing down the power output to 1%. When they then tried to bring it up to 25%, the reactor overheated and exploded causing the worst nuclear accident in history.
Emergency Management: Natural Disaster Mitigation
Posted on Thursday, July 24 @ 12:27:16 PDT by editor
We are constantly reminded of the threat of natural disasters. Not a day goes by without the news reporting injury and destruction impacting people and communities across the land. Entire cities and productive agricultural land lay totally ravaged by the fury of fires, tornados, hurricanes, floods, tsunamis, earthquakes and other natural events affecting the supply of basic commodities, trade and development.
Several highly visible recent natural disasters such as Hurricane Mitch, the tsunami in Indonesia, the China earthquakes, the floods and forest fires of 2008 and the worst natural disaster in American history, hurricane Katrina, provide a taste of what we can expect in the future, perhaps more frequent and intense disasters as predicted by the effects of Global Warming.
There are increasing signs that the extreme weather we are now seeing is having an influence on natural disasters and the every 100 to 500 year disasters are happening more and more frequent due to climatic changes.
As a result the human and financial loss from these cataclysmic events are insurmountable; Costs are escalating and cannot continue to be tolerated or absorbed as they continue impacting recovery and preventing development, turning areas of extreme poverty into areas of total isolation and despair.
Natural disasters will continue to happen however; today there is no excuse for a lack of awareness, education, development, preparation or mitigation of the risks posed by these phenomena. We cannot continue to relearn the lessons that every disaster offers without implementing solutions that become evident, we tend to ignore the lessons until the story will repeat itself.
The risks natural disasters present are constant they must be dealt with and be reduced to acceptable levels. Communities, cities and large geographical areas that have been previously and seriously affected by disasters continue to be vulnerable even more so since recovery and redevelopment has not taken place enough to mitigate and reduce the constant risk. (e.g. Central America and New Orleans).
Vulnerabilities cannot be reduced nor development be attained without risk management. A model that clearly defines the responsibility of dealing with disaster mitigation and prevention of disasters is imperative. The levels of responsibility with reference to the Federal, State and Local government must be clearly identified and our own personal involvement is required to contribute to the survival of our families and communities.
These requirements can only be met through a continuous educational effort and action by businesses and communities that promote awareness, provides the knowledge and tools, involves all levels of society, coordinated and implemented throughout the school system, public and private organizations.
Communities can survive and prosper in the face of exposure to natural disasters. Sustainable communities are those that have identified and pursue strategies designed to reduce their vulnerabilities and by giving within their community access to resources to reduce their exposure.
By taking steps ahead of time we stand a better chance of coming through a disaster unharmed and recover more quickly. It requires everybody’s cooperation and participation.
Survival Insights (www.survivalinsights.com) encourages businesses, families and individuals across the nation to take immediate preparedness steps, including:
being informed about the potential risks and hazards in their communities
being informed about emergencies that may affect them,
making a family emergency plan,
getting an emergency supply kit,
taking the necessary steps to get trained,
Becoming engaged in community preparedness and response efforts.
Resources are available at the local and state level with information and guidance to prepare and educate your family. Most counties in the US offer through their Offices of Emergency Management (OEMs) leadership, planning, and education to protect lives and property.
Survival Insights provides in its portal an extensive list of OEM resources by city, county, town or parish within your state. (See main page section: Links to Preparedness)
We at Survival Insights believe that successful Natural Disaster Management is an ongoing proactive cooperative effort of many people in every community. People doing their daily work, learning, teaching and sharing information among businesses and organizations not waiting for something to happen, nor relying on it not happening at all. They are active and doing it now.